The transition towards a decarbonized and non-nuclear based supply and use of energy – short: the energy revolution (CTI 2013) – is in many ways different from an ordinary change in politics. It calls for multiple adjustments both in existing political, legal and market structures as well as the development of new approaches, if the ambitious targets are to be met. Specifically tailored research approaches and new policies and market designs are necessary to achieve the objectives of the Swiss Energy Strategy 2050 in the short- and long-term. All major interests or positions in the energy market are already distributed between the specific actors and most of them are backed up by law (rights, competences etc.). Any changes are likely to face considerable opposition, which has to be overcome in order to gain the necessary political acceptance not only in the political arena but as well before courts. Thus, the research has to cover the political, legal, and market structures in Switzerland as they are framed by the regional and international context. It draws on experiences in other states in order to benefit from lessons learned.